Periodontal diseases are infections of the structures around your teeth, including gums, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Common signs of this are bleeding gums, red or swollen gums, and bad breath. Early stages of gum disease, known as gingivitis, may only require regular preventative cleanings, while advanced stages may require more rigorous treatment. As the disease progresses the sulcus, or pocket, between the tooth and the gums is infected with bacteria, plaque, and tartar. This causes irritation to the surrounding areas including the gums and eventually even the bone.

Depending on the stage of the disease, Dr. Filali and his team will determine the appropriate form of treatment needed. This can vary from regular, standard cleanings to a deeper cleaning involving scaling and root planing. Scaling and root planing using a local anesthetic to first numb the area. Plaque, tartar, and bacteria are then removed both above and below the gum line. This is periodontal treatment process is called scaling. Root planing is the method of smoothing out rough surfaces which have occurred near the root.

If results are not seen from the scaling and root planing, periodontal surgery my be recommended to assist in healing the pockets and controlling the infection. Depending on the condition, it may be suggested that you see a Periodontist, who specializes in gums and bone. Complete and comprehensive oral hygiene is crucial in preventing and maintaining periodontal disease. This includes regular use brushing, floss, mouthwash, and of course, visits to your doctor. Contact us today to schedule your exam and find out what treatment form is best for you!